On December 19, 2017,
The Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to bosutinib (BOSULIF, Pfizer Inc.) for treatment of patients with newly-diagnosed chronic phase (CP) Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
Approval was based on data from an open-label, randomized, multicenter trial (BFORE, NCT02130557) in 487 patients with Ph+ newly-diagnosed CP CML who were randomized to receive either bosutinib 400 mg once daily or imatinib 400 mg once daily. The major efficacy outcome measure was major molecular response (MMR) at 12 months, defined as ≤0.1% BCR ABL ratio on international scale (corresponding to ≥3 log reduction from standardized baseline) with a minimum of 3000 ABL transcripts as assessed by the central laboratory. MMR at 12 months was 47.2% (95% CI: 40.9, 53.4) in the bosutinib arm and 36.9% (95% CI: 30.8, 43.0) in the imatinib arm (p=0.0200).
Most common adverse reactions in patients with newly-diagnosed CML (incidence ≥20%) are diarrhea, nausea, thrombocytopenia, rash, increased alanine aminotransferase, abdominal pain, and increased aspartate aminotransferase.
FDA first approved bosutinib in 2012 for treatment of patients with chronic, accelerated, or blast phase Ph+ CML with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy