Malignant

Malignant brain tumors strike deep into the psyche of those receiving and those delivering the diagnosis. Malignant gliomas, the most common subtype of primary brain tumors, are aggressive, highly invasive, and neurologically destructive tumors considered to be among the deadliest of human cancers. In its most aggressive manifestation, glioblastoma (GBM), median survival ranges from 9 to 12 months, despite maximum treatment efforts—a statistical fact that has changed little over several decades of technological advances in neurosurgery, radiation therapy, and clinical trials of conventional and novel therapeutics. Over the same time period, there has been an explosion of knowledge in cancer biology and basic science discovery that has fueled meaningful progress in the treatment of many common human cancers, including those of the breast, lung, and prostate. It is perplexing that therapies used effectively in the treatment of these solid tumors are overwhelmingly ineffective in the treatment of GBM, perhaps reflecting the eccentric biology and cellular origin of this neoplasm. To date, only one new agent has been documented to have modest activity against intermediate-grade gliomas, whereas no effective agents have emerged for the treatment of GBM, despite 20 years of enrolling patients in clinical trials. It is ironic that although a comprehensive view of the genetic lesions encountered in malignant gliomas has been compiled, substantive conceptual and practical barriers remain in assigning functional significance to these genetic changes and in harnessing this basic information into the development of drugs that make a difference in patient care. brain tumors strike deep into the psyche of those receiving and those delivering the diagnosis. Malignant gliomas, the most common subtype of primary brain tumors, are aggressive, highly invasive, and neurologically destructive tumors considered to be among the deadliest of human cancers. In its most aggressive manifestation, glioblastoma (GBM), median survival ranges from 9 to 12 months, despite maximum treatment efforts—a statistical fact that has changed little over several decades of technological advances in neurosurgery, radiation therapy, and clinical trials of conventional and novel therapeutics. Over the same time period, there has been an explosion of knowledge in cancer biology and basic science discovery that has fueled meaningful progress in the treatment of many common human cancers, including those of the breast, lung, and prostate. It is perplexing that therapies used effectively in the treatment of these solid tumors are overwhelmingly ineffective in the treatment of GBM, perhaps reflecting the eccentric biology and cellular origin of this neoplasm. To date, only one new agent has been documented to have modest activity against intermediate-grade gliomas, whereas no effective agents have emerged for the treatment of GBM, despite 20 years of enrolling patients in clinical trials. It is ironic that although a comprehensive view of the genetic lesions encountered in malignant gliomas has been compiled, substantive conceptual and practical barriers remain in assigning functional significance to these genetic changes and in harnessing this basic information into the development of drugs that make a difference in patient care.

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IKRIS Pharma Network Pvt. Ltd.
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Phone No.- +91-120–2400370.
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E:info@ikrispharmanetwork.com

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Malignant MEDICATIONS

GLIOLAN (5-aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride)

Gliolan is indicated in adult patients for visualisation of malignant tissue during surgery for malignant glioma (WHO grade III and IV).

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